Is ETC Acceptable In Academic Writing?

How do you use etc in an essay?

Generally, in American English, if “etc.” is used in the middle of a sentence, it is followed by a comma.

(Tennis, soccer, baseball, etc., are outdoor games.) However, if this word appears at the end of a sentence then the period (which is part of “etc.”) serves as the final punctuation mark..

What is the language used in academic writing?

The tone used in academic writing is usually formal, meaning that it should not sound conversational or casual. You should particularly avoid colloquial, idiomatic, slang, or journalistic expressions in favour of precise vocabulary.

What are the 4 language demands of academic language?

These language demands include language functions, vocabulary, syntax, and discourse. Identify one language function essential for the central focus for your lesson.

What is ETC short for?

Et cetera (English: /ɛtˈsɛtərə/, Latin: [ɛt ˈkeːtɛra]), abbreviated to etc., etc, et cet.,&c., or &c, is a Latin expression that is used in English to mean “and other similar things”, or “and so forth”.

How do you use etc and eg in a sentence?

Rule #1: Don’t use e.g. and etc. together because you wouldn’t use for instance (meaning as an example) and then use and so on (meaning others); both phrases imply the names you named were just a part of a group. For example, “e.g. apple, oranges, etc.”

What should be avoided in academic writing?

Formal Writing VoiceDo not use first-person pronouns (“I,” “me,” “my,” “we,” “us,” etc.). … Avoid addressing readers as “you.” … Avoid the use of contractions. … Avoid colloquialism and slang expressions. … Avoid nonstandard diction. … Avoid abbreviated versions of words. … Avoid the overuse of short and simple sentences.

What can I use instead of ETC in formal writing?

A good way to test whether etc. is appropriate is to substitute “and so on” or “and so forth.” If those synonyms make sense, you can use etc. You should never use “and et cetera.” Remember, et means “and.” “And et cetera” is redundant. Usage note: Don’t use a comma after etc. if it is at the end of the sentence.

How do you list academic writing?

Writing a list into a sentence is one way to include them with MLA essays. Use a colon to introduce the list in the sentence and then use commas or semicolons to split the list up. You can number items in the list by using parentheses without the “and” at the end.

What are the 4 types of academic writing?

The four main types of academic writing are descriptive, analytical, persuasive and critical.

What are the features of academic writing?

Features of academic writing. Using academic language. Establishing your position. Writing in your own ‘voice’ Using tentative language.Clear communication. Writing clear paragraphs. Writing clearly, concisely and precisely. Signposting.Paraphrasing, summarising and quoting.Editing and proof-reading your work.

How do you write etc in academic writing?

This rule is quite simple. If you use “etc.” in the middle of a sentence, and it is not enclosed in parentheses, then you must use a comma after the abbreviation. If it is in parentheses in the middle of a sentence or at the end of a sentence, no comma is needed.