Quick Answer: How Do Biological And Environmental Factors Influence Development?

What are the factors that influence human development?

As individuals go through life their health and well-being is affected by a number of different factors that will affect an individual’s growth and development, positively and negatively.

These include physical, , emotional, social, economic and environmental factors..

How can environmental influences affect cognitive development?

Environmental conditions can cause changes in gene expression through a process called epigenetics. … For example, exposure to environmental tobacco smoke, either in utero or in one’s living space, can affect cognitive development, resulting in cognitive dysfunction.

Does environment affect human development?

The environment can be a powerful modifier of the normal development and behavior of humans. Environmental effects on development include reduction in IQ from exposure to heavy metals such as lead, changes in puberty from exposure to endocrine disrupting chemicals, birth defects, and fetal loss.

What environmental factors mean?

An environmental factor, ecological factor or eco factor is any factor, abiotic or biotic, that influences living organisms. … Biotic factors would include the availability of food organisms and the presence of biological specificity, competitors, predators, and parasites.

How does environment affect a child?

A child’s early home environment has long-term effects on development. The home environment can even affect a child’s brain development. … For example, children who grow up poor are more likely than other children to drop out of high school. Poverty, then, is a risk factor for high school dropout.

What are the factors that affect child development?

To help professionals assess the factors affecting a child’s development, they have been grouped into four areas:Environmental factors.Biological factors.Interpersonal relationships.Early environments and experiences (Shanker, 2008; Blair & Diamond, 2008)

How does social environment affect child development?

Living in a good social environment increases the likelihood that a child will develop positive social relationships. Social behaviour and the ability to develop positive relationships with others were traditionally conceived as skills which would develop naturally.

What are biological factors?

Biological factors are microorganisms (bacteria, viruses, fungi and microscopic parasites), cell cultures, human endoparasites and components from microorganisms that can cause damage to health in humans.

What are biological and environmental factors?

Biological factors such as breeding behavior, care of young, time of last eating, and food storage cause changes in daily activity patterns. Similarly, environmental factors such as temperature, snow cover, food supply and disturbance caused by humans in an urban setting also cause changes in daily activity patterns.

How does environmental factors affect child development?

2. Physical Environment. The effect of the environment on child development cannot be understated, and this includes the physical surroundings they are raised in. If your living environment is cramped, noisy and filled with aggression, your child’s personality can be affected.

What are the five factors that influence growth and development?

Five main factors identified in contributing to growth and developments at early childhood are nutrition, parent’s behaviours, parenting, social and cultural practices, and environment.

What is the most important influence on child development?

Children’s early experiences and relationships in the first five years of life are critical for development. In the early years, your child’s main way of learning and developing is through play. Other influences on development include genes, nutrition, physical activity, health and community.

How does the environment affect cognitive development?

Environments with inadequate stimulation and few opportunities for learning are associated with poor cognitive development outcomes. Studies report higher cognitive function when children are given stimulating environments, with positive effects that are evident for years after the intervention.

What are the external factors that affect child development?

10 Factors That Influence the Growth and Development of a ChildHeredity. Heredity is the transmission of physical characteristics from parents to children through their genes. … Environment. … Sex. … Exercise and Health. … Hormones. … Nutrition. … Familial Influence. … Geographical Influences.More items…•

What are some environmental factors that influence development?

Over the past 100 years, the study of environmental influences on human physical growth and development has focused on the influences of social and economic factors; family and household characteristics; urbanization/modernization; nutrition; and features of the physical environment such as altitude, temperature and …

How biological and environmental factors can shape our cognitive processes?

Biological and environmental factors can shape our cognitive processes by the different styles of people, cultures, and genders that can affect interpretation of a behavior as some might not respond to reward or punishment.

What are some examples of environmental influences?

Environmental Influencesthe individual: the adolescent, or person of focus.the microsystem: relationships with family, school personnel, peers, health service professionals.the mesosystem: interactions between microsystems (e.g., families and teachers)the exosystem: local politics, mass media.More items…

What are 5 characteristics of development?

The following are the important characteristics of developmentDevelopment is a continuous process. … Development follows a pattern. … 3. Development proceeds from general to specific responses. … Different aspects of growth develop at different rates. … Most traits are correlated in development. … Development is a product of interaction of the organism and environment.More items…

What are the 5 environmental factors?

They include:Exposure to hazardous substances in the air, water, soil, and food.Natural and technological disasters.Climate change.Occupational hazards.The built environment.

What are developmental factors?

the conditions and variables that influence emotional, intellectual, social, and physical development from conception to maturity. Examples include parental attitudes and stimulation, peer relationships, learning experiences, recreational activities, and hereditary predispositions.

How can biological and environmental factors affect a developing fetus?

During prenatal development, environmental factors can significantly affect the development of the child. Most everything the mother ingests, including food, liquid, and even medication, travels through the placenta to the fetus; anything the mother is exposed to in the environment affects the fetus.